tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-24325704525404426552021-06-18T15:30:00.503+05:30PARAM VISIONSAll about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONSparam visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.comBlogger239125tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-69609116643782651542021-06-18T15:29:00.002+05:302021-06-18T15:29:15.413+05:30How to calculate the number of interlocking paver blocks required for any given area?Let us consider the parking area as shown in the below drawing for the calculation purpose.Given data:Length of the parking space =20 ft.The breadth of the parking space = 18 ft.Total parking area = length × breadth = 20 ft. × 18 ft. = 360 sq ft.The interlocking paver blocks are available in huge no. of patterns, shapes, & models. The dimension of individual design differs from param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-70847850774735172142021-06-16T14:26:00.001+05:302021-06-16T14:26:14.475+05:30Adhesive or cement mortar: Which is better for AAC block masonry? If you want to choose between the adhesive & cement mortar for AAC block wall masonry, definitely, adhesive joint ranks on top due to its added advantages.Let's observe the pros & cons between these two types of joints for AAC block wall masonry.1. Cost:I have calculated the construction cost of AAC block masonry using Adhesive & cement mortars separately in the below-given article.👇💗 What param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-2602457499786846122021-06-11T15:32:00.002+05:302021-06-11T15:32:25.171+05:30Comparing the construction cost of concrete block, clay brick, & AAC block walls.Let us now compare the construction cost of concrete block, burnt clay brick, & AAC block walls.I have calculated the cost of all these types of bricks & blocks as linked below.So, before proceeding further, you have to go through these 4 articles 👇1. What will be the cost of block wall masonry?/Rate analysis of concrete block masonry.2. What will be the cost of single (4") brick wall masonry?/ param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-89242556097425882382021-06-09T13:16:00.001+05:302021-06-16T14:31:56.372+05:30What will be the cost of AAC block wall masonry?/ Rate analysis of 200mm. thick AAC block wall work. In this article, let us calculate the cost of AAC block wall, constructed by using adhesives as well as cement mortar.Before proceeding further, you have to go through the articles 👇1. How to calculate the quantity of adhesives & AAC blocks required in AAC block wall works?2. The material calculation for AAC block wall construction with cement mortar.A. Material cost:1. AAC blocks.The marketparam visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-21466001963415774942021-06-08T12:15:00.002+05:302021-06-08T14:52:01.855+05:30How to calculate the quantity of adhesives & AAC blocks required in AAC block wall works? Let us consider an AAC block wall of size 3m. × 10m. × 0.2m. as shown in the drawing.Now, we will build this wall with an AAC block of size 200 mm × 200 mm × 600 mm as shown in the image below.Generally, the AAC block wall is constructed with 3mm. to 4mm. thick adhesive joints. Let us consider 4mm. thickness for the calculation purpose.Given data:Length of the block wall = 10m.Height of the param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-25313656230743151322021-06-07T14:13:00.001+05:302021-06-08T14:41:53.466+05:30Material calculation for AAC block wall construction with cement mortar. Let us consider an AAC block wall of size 3m. × 10m. × 0.2m. as shown in the drawing.Now, we will build this wall with an AAC block of size 200 mm × 200 mm × 600 mm as shown in the image below.Generally, the AAC block wall is constructed with 8mm. to12mm. mortar thickness. Let us take an average thickness of 10mm. for the calculation purpose.Given data:Length of the block wall = 10m.Height of param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-27368909561505502972021-06-03T14:48:00.003+05:302021-06-03T14:48:35.930+05:30What will be the cost of 9" brick wall masonry?/ Rate analysis of 9" thick brick wall work. Let us consider 9" thick brick wall masonry as shown in the drawing for calculation purposes.Given data:Length of the brick wall = 16ft.Height of the brick wall = 10ft.The thickness of the brick wall = 9" = 0.75ft.The total volume of the brick wall masonry= length × height × thickness= 16ft. × 10ft. × 0.75ft.= 120 cu ft.The total area of brick wall= length × height =16ft. × 10ft. = 160 sq ft.A.param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-83766727610938958172021-06-03T12:17:00.004+05:302021-06-03T14:54:38.119+05:30How to calculate the materials required for 9" brickworks?/ Brick, cement, & sand calculations for brick wall masonry. Let us consider a 9" brick wall of size 10 ft. × 13.333 ft.× 0.75 ft. (9") as shown in the drawing.Now, we will build this wall with a conventional brick of size 9 inches × 4 inches × 3 inches as shown in the image below.Given data:Length of the brick wall = 13' 4" = 13.333 ft.Height of the brick wall = 10 ft.The thickness of the brick wall = 9" = 0.75 ft.Brick size = 9 inches × 4 inches × 3 param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-44231995069406595212021-06-01T12:18:00.005+05:302021-06-11T14:01:12.282+05:30What will be the cost of single (4") brick wall masonry?/ Rate analysis of 4" brick wall. Let us consider single brick wall masonry as shown in the drawing for calculation purposes.Given data:Length of the brick wall = 16ft.Height of the brick wall = 10ft.The thickness of the brick wall = 0.33ft.The total volume of the brick wall masonry= length × height × thickness= 16ft. × 10ft. × 0.333ft.= 53.33 cu ft.The total area of brick wall= length × height =16ft. × 10ft. = 160 sq ft.A. param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-22591185362686362832021-05-31T14:50:00.009+05:302021-06-03T12:08:30.694+05:30How to calculate the materials required for 4" brickworks?/ Brick, cement, & sand calculations for single brick wall.Let us consider a single brick wall of size 10ft × 30ft.× 0.333 ft. (4") as shown in the drawing.Now, we will build this wall with a conventional brick of size 9 inches × 4 inches × 3 inches as shown in the image below.Given data:Length of the brick wall = 30 ft.Height of the brick wall = 10 ft.The thickness of the brick wall = 0.333 ft.Brick size = 9 inches × 4 inches × 3 inchesMortar thicknessparam visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-67273518104562998742021-05-30T17:00:00.004+05:302021-06-11T13:58:40.951+05:30What will be the cost of block wall masonry?/Rate analysis of concrete block masonry. Let us consider solid concrete block masonry as shown in the drawing for calculation purposes.Given data:Length of the block masonry = 16ft.Height of the block masonry = 10ft.The thickness of the block masonry = 0.5ft.The total volume of the block masonry= length × height × thickness= 16ft. × 10ft. × 0.5ft.= 80 cu ft.The total area of block masonry= length × height =16ft. × 10ft. = 160 sq ft.A. param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-13078627760110836542021-05-26T14:47:00.354+05:302021-05-27T15:32:37.996+05:30What will be the cost of plastering in a building?/ How to calculate the cost of internal plastering? Now, let us calculate the interior plastering cost of one room of a building as shown below.Given data:Width of the room = 14ft.Length of the room = 16ft.Height of the room = 10 ft.One door of size = 2.5ft × 7.0 ft.One window of size = 3ft × 4ft.Area of wall to be plastered= [{(2nos × area of front & back wall) + (2nos × area of sidewalls)} - {(door size) +( window size)}]= [{(2nos × 14ft. × param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-62995683231830862142021-05-23T17:24:00.001+05:302021-06-15T14:46:57.986+05:30How to calculate the concrete volume of slump cone? The volume of the slump cone is calculated by the formula = [ (h ÷ 3 ) ×{ A1+A2 + √A1× A2 }] Whereh = height of the slump cone.A1 = area of the top circular surface. A2 = area of the bottom circular surface.Given data:Height of the slump cone h = 300mm.=0.3mDiameter of the top surface d1 = 100mm.=0.1m.Diameter of the bottom surface d2 = 200mm.=0.2mFirst, we will calculate the area A1 & A2A1 = [param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-77851073505138615192021-05-23T12:48:00.003+05:302021-05-23T12:49:43.231+05:30How to do a layout of the building plan with a 3 - 4 - 5 rule?/ Using 3-4-5 method in construction work. 1. What is the 3-4-5 rule or the 3-4-5 method?According to the Pythagoras theorem, in a right angle triangle,c2=a2+ b2Where a,b, & c are the sides of the triangle.Suppose, if the side AB = 3ft. & side BC = 4ft. then,Side AC2=AB2+ BC2i.e. AC = √AB2+ BC2AC = √32+ 42AC = √9 + 16 AC = √25 = 5ft.Now, let us observe how we can use this method to do a layout in construction work.2. How to do a layout param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-67774679807746164262021-05-20T16:24:00.001+05:302021-06-14T11:58:09.944+05:30What is a parapet wall? - The purpose & design of a parapet wall.1. What is a parapet wall?The boundary i.e. built over the edges of terrace, balcony, or roof, is called a parapet wall. The material used in constructing the wall may be brick, glass, RCC grills, mild steel, stainless steel, or a combination of all these materials.2. What is the purpose of building a parapet wall? The main purposes of constructing a parapet wall are,1. Protection:The parapet param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-57466383169477875782021-05-19T16:41:00.000+05:302021-05-19T16:41:02.636+05:30Minimum space required for car parking in a residential building. When you build a house, you will keep aside some space for the parking of car. The dimensions of individual cars are different & in the future, parking becomes difficult when you change the model of your four-wheeler.I have made a drawing of the car parking space with boundaries, where we can park our car comfortably without any congestion.Nearly, all models of Indian cars fit within the param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-42734602264641492892021-05-17T12:01:00.002+05:302021-05-17T12:03:14.135+05:30Why there is an air vent in overhead tank?/ Why we provide T- pipe in overhead tank? 1. Why we provide an air vent in the overhead tank?When we utilize the water from the overhead tank, the air occupies the empty space created by outflow water. When we pump water into the tank, the air needs an immediate outlet to move out. Air vent helps in easy circulation of air in the overhead tank. The air bubble separates out of water due to their lighter wt. & passes through the air vent param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-15958878157552120082021-05-12T15:16:00.002+05:302021-05-12T15:16:55.070+05:30What will be the cost of tile flooring for one room?/ Tile flooring cost per square feet.Let us consider a room of size 12 ft. × 16 ft. as shown below.Let us calculate the total cost of fixing the tile for this above-given room.Given data:Length of the room = 16ft.Breadth of the room = 12ft.Skirting height = 4" = 0.33ft.Door size = 2.5 ft × 7 ft.Calculation:1. Area of tile flooring= length × breadth= 16ft. × 12ft.= 192 sqft.Area of skirting = [{(2nos. × length) + (2nos. × breadth) - param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-57840858547047626272021-05-11T10:57:00.004+05:302021-06-17T14:47:28.205+05:30What is the color codes ( India ) of safety helmets in construction? A safety helmet is an essential part of construction work. In the larger project works, the color of the safety helmets shows the designation of that particular person. A large number of employees of different grades are involved in construction projects. The helmet color makes us recognize the right person to deal with the particular work.Following are the different colored safety helmets & param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-90508223523914591142021-05-10T13:27:00.004+05:302021-05-27T11:41:25.035+05:30What will be the painting cost of one room?/ Estimation of the total cost of painting. Now, let us calculate the interior painting cost of one room of a building as shown below.I have shown the calculation procedure of the painting area of the above-given room in the article,How to calculate the quantity of paint for a room or building. / Calculating the quantity of paint required for a room in liters.The total painting area of the room = 794.5 sqft.The materials required for param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-47786963438033167052021-05-09T12:11:00.003+05:302021-05-09T12:11:37.490+05:30Checklist for column after concreting/ Procedure to be followed for post concrete columns. Following are the 7 checklist points for the columns after concreting ( post concrete ) work.Before reading this article, it is better if you go through, Checklist for column concreting./Procedure to be followed for concreting of columns.1. De-shuttering:The de-shuttering or stripping time of the column is 16-24 hours after concrete work. The formwork of all the concreted columns should be param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-87303326657674837582021-05-05T15:30:00.004+05:302021-05-07T11:34:11.881+05:30Checklist for column concreting./Procedure to be followed for concreting of columns.Following are the 13 points that should be checked for the concreting of the column.1. Column reinforcement:You have to check all the 11 points in the reinforcement of the columns as described in the article, "Checklist for column reinforcement./ Points to be checked in column reinforcement". Checking all these points is a must before the concrete work.2. Column formwork:You have to check in param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-63744674006079387972021-05-04T16:06:00.004+05:302021-05-06T11:44:55.251+05:30How to calculate the horizontal distance using auto level machine? Now, let us go through the procedure so that we can calculate the horizontal distance between the two points, by only using an auto-level machine & leveling staff.As you can observe in the above drawing, we will find out the distance L between points A & B, without using the measuring tape.Procedure:1. Set up the tripod legs & fix the auto level to the tripod.2. Level the auto level machine by param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-91145740453440340812021-05-04T12:26:00.002+05:302021-05-04T12:38:15.751+05:30Checklist for beam reinforcement./Beam reinforcement checking procedure. 1. Clear cover :The cover blocks should be provided from all three sides to maintain the uniform clear cover as required.2. Rebar quality:The steel bar should be straight, having a uniform diameter throughout its length. The bar should look fresh, having a blackish-grey color in appearance. The rusted rebar should be avoided as they have low bonding strength with the concrete. The ribs over the param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-2432570452540442655.post-62165699376467189172021-05-02T14:52:00.000+05:302021-05-02T14:52:35.794+05:30What is spacer bar in a beam?-purpose, spacing & its cutting length.1. What is a spacer bar in the beam? A piece of a steel bar provided in between the two layers of the main reinforcement in the beam is called a spacer bar. They are inserted perpendicularly or in a tapered position in between the two layers.2. Why the spacer bars are provided in the beam reinforcement?As the name suggests, spacer bars are provided to maintain a uniform gap between the two param visionshttp://www.blogger.com/profile/02202979303141302870noreply@blogger.com0