All about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONS

Field test for the solid concrete blocks

Field test for the solid concrete blocks

Solid concrete block  Fig. 1.


You can check the quality of the solid concrete blocks on site by following some simple methods as given below.

1. Drop test

 Randomly select one block from the total no. of blocks of the particular batch. Lift the block at about 4 to 4.5 feet which is nearer to your chest level and drop it on the hard ground surface.

 Vertical drop: The length of the block should be kept in a vertical position before dropping it on the ground. The concrete block should be intact in shape without any damage after crushing over the ground surface. If the sample block breaks into pieces or develops a crack then it is better to reject such concrete blocks.

Horizontal drop: You have to hold the concrete block with the length of the block in the horizontal position as shown in fig. 2. From the same chest height, you again drop the block on the hard surface. If the block breaks into no. of pieces, then such blocks can be considered as low-quality blocks.

The horizontal dropping of concrete block. Fig. 2.




2. Corner test


Press the corner of the block with your thumbnail on all the eight sides one by one as shown in fig. 3. If it gives out or if some particles are broken from the edge, then you can classify such blocks as of low quality.

Pressing the corner of the concrete block. Fig. 3.

3. Chisel test


This is a comparative test for the two or more sample blocks collected from the different production units to recognize the manufacturer, who delivers the best quality of blocks.

Cut the groove into the solid concrete blocks, horizontally running on all the four sides of equal depth by using chisels as shown in fig. 4. It should be cut at the center of the block until the block separates into two pieces. In this test, you will find the quality of the blocks by the three actions.

Hardness: If it is harder to chisel the block and if it takes more time for cutting out in comparison to all other sample blocks, then it gives you a hint that the blocks of that particular batch are of good quality.

Groove depth:  Measure the depth of the cutting at the time of separation of the block. If the depth of the groove is more in comparison, then that block can be considered as of good quality.

Breakage: If the block breaks into several pieces at this process, then it is better to drop that batch of the block from your list.

Chisel test for the block. Fig. 4.

4. Nail test 


This is also a comparative test similar to the chisel test. You have to hammer a nail into the sample blocks on three or more points. This action will provide you with the following data for the block selection.

 Resistance: If the block resists the insertion of the nail and if it is harder to hammer a nail then you can position that block above all other different samples which exhibit low resistance.

Grip: If the block provides a good grip to the nail by restricting its movement, it is also an indicator of the block quality.

5. Texture


The blocks should have a grainy surface texture which you can observe in the fig. 1. If the concrete block has a smooth texture finish then it indicates the more quarry dust content in its mix proportion.
The dust weakens the concrete strength which in turn results in a block production of low compressive strength.

6. Shape & size


The block should have a uniform shape with sharp edges. The difference in the dimensions on the two similar sides at both the end should not be more than ±3 mm. (allowance).








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2 comments:

  1. i didn't know that hollow blocks are being tested this way, wow, construction materials are really tested on finest

    ReplyDelete
  2. Plainly, is the genuine warning article, all exhortation is recognizable genuine. Much obliged to you for this organization with us. I began to be intrigued and exhorted it. I love your substance about concrete blocks. River Stone Wash Basin Indonesia

    ReplyDelete

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