All about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONS

Types of doors in the building construction.

The different types of doors based on the materials used in its production process are,

1. Wooden door.

wooden door.

This is the most common type of door used all over the world due to the easy availability of the raw material (wood ) and any local carpenter can make this job for you. This type of door can be carved with any sculpture or design of your choice as shown in the fig.

2. Flush door.

Flush door.

In flush doors, plywood sheets or veneer is pressed under high pressure on both the side of the door. The core portion consists of strips or pieces of wood glued together with one another having no voids left in between them.

3. FRP door.

FRP door.

Fiber-reinforced plastic ( FRP ) is a composite material having fiberglass (usually ) as a reinforcement material. They are waterproof doors with the anti-rust and anti-corrosive properties. These doors are available in a variety of designs and colors.

4. Aluminum door.

Aluminum door.

The outer and inner frames are made of aluminum which holds the glass or any other sheets made of different materials to form the whole door. Aluminum is a lightweight material with good structural strength which helps to produce the doors with the thinner sections having less weight. Aluminum doors can either be side hung or sliding-type in its operation. You can find such type of doors more commonly used in the public and commercial buildings.

5. Glass door.

Glass door.

This door is very useful when you need a transparent view of the other side of the room. But you have to handle them very carefully as they get cracks or breaks easily by any impact loads.

6. PVC door.

PVC door.

Polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) is a type of polymer plastic that is used in making a wide range of building materials. They are lightweight materials having anti-rust, anti-termite, and waterproof characters.

7. UPVC door.

UPVC door.

UPVC stands for unplasticized polyvinyl chloride. As the name suggests, when no plasticizers are added to the PVC material which forms a hard material with no flexibility. This added advantage makes to build the door of tough quality with more durability.

8. PUF door.

PUF door.

Polyurethane foam ( PUF ) is sandwiched between the two sheets of the same materials on both sides forming PUF as the core material. These type of doors finds its usage where thermal insulation is the priority.

9. Fiberglass door.

Fiberglass door.

These doors have reinforced fiberglass as a skin, having the core part usually made up of wood or sometimes with the other materials. They can sustain harsh conditions and more durable when compared to wooden doors.

10. Steel door.

Steel door.

These doors are heavily built with a robust structure having safety as the primary goal of fixing them. You can find such type of door in the locker room of the bank or as a safety vault doors in the homes.

11. Composite door.

Composite door.

Composite doors are made by using vegetable fibers as reinforcement materials with the phenolic resins as the binder material. Some of the common vegetable fibers which are used are jute fiber, sisal fiber, banana fiber, coconut coir, bamboo fiber, etc. Sometimes two or more fibers are used in forming the different layers of the door. These doors are biodegradable and eco-friendly.

12. Mesh door.

Mesh door.

Mesh door provides good ventilation and air circulation and blocks the entry of insects (mosquito ) in your home. Usually, they are fixed as a secondary door to the main doors since they are not strong from the safety point of view. Door frames can be made of any material like wood, fiber, aluminum, etc.

13. RCC door.

RCC cement door.

In these types of doors, the frame is made up of RCC material and the sheets are made of cement and fibers. These doors are mostly used for the sheds, toilets, outhouses, etc. These doors are most economical when compared to all other types of doors.


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