All about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONS

12 points to check for fixing door & window frames./Checklist for fixing door & window frames.

Following are the 12 points that should be checked for the fixing of door & window frames.

 1. Size:




The length & breadth of the door & window frame should be checked to select the proper type of frames.

The building contains door openings having different dimensions. So, measure the size of the procured frames beforehand to place them accordingly.

Before proceeding further, Go through the article👇

👀. Checklist for window & door openings./ Points to check while providing door & window openings.

So that you will understand this procedure clearly.


2. Primer:

The wooden frames should be coated with anti-termite paints on all the surfaces. The wood primer should be applied as required to cover all the surfaces. 


3. Bracing:



The wooden Patti bracing should be nailed at the bottom of the door frame jamb. Two wooden Pattis are nailed diagonally at the top corners as shown in the drawing. This helps the door frame to maintain its shape in the installation process.


4. Clamping:




MS clamp or holdfast is fastened to the door & window frames on both sides.

For door frames we need       👉 6 clamps.

For window frames we need 👉 4 clamps.

The required gap in between the two holdfasts should be checked to maintain the uniform distance.


5. Position:

The door frame should be positioned in the openings according to its pre-decided location. 

For eg., if the door frame should be kept flushed to the particular wall surface, 

The positioning 👉 wall surface + plaster thickness.

Suppose if the plaster thickness is 12mm., then the door frame is kept by protruding at 12mm from the wall surface.


6. Chiseling the wall:




The brick wall masonry is chiseled or cut by marking the holdfast area of the frame. For the door frames, you have to make 6 cuts & the window may need 4 cuts in the wall.


7. Level:




After chiseling the wall, the frames are pushed to their position so that the holdfast is placed at the wall cuttings.

The top side or header of the frame should be touched to the lintel bottom. Temporary packing is provided at the bottom part of the frame.

From the top of the door frame, an equal measurement is marked on the length side of the frame. Usually, 300mm. ( 1ft. ) is marked using a marker pen. By using water tube level, the door frame is leveled by matching the two markings.


8. Plumb: 




The verticality of the frame is adjusted by using the plumb bob & spirit level. The plumbing should be checked for all 3 exposed surfaces of the frame. 


9. Support :




Once the plumbing work is finished, the door frames are tightened in that position by giving the inclined supports & wooden packs at the wall gaps. 

Recheck the level, plumb,& position of the frame after proper support is given.


10. Diagonal:




Check the internal diagonal of the frames for the reconfirmation of their rectangular shape. In the process of installation, the frames may lose their given shape. Diagonal checking helps us in the easy installation of door shutters in the future.


11. Concreting:

The brick masonry cuttings at the holdfast area are filled with proper-grade concrete. The brick masonry should be sprinkled with water or cement slurry before doing the concrete work.

Make sure, nobody passes through that entry point until the concrete is properly set.


12. Curing:

From the next day, the holdfast concreting should be cured regularly as per the required time period.

Thank you for going through this article. Have a good day 😄.

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