All about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONS

Different types of bricks/blocks used in construction.

Now let us go through the different types of bricks/ blocks which are used in the construction industry.

CLC. blocks

1.  Burnt clay bricks:

 These are the traditional type of bricks, manufactured by using clay as raw material and burning them in a kiln.

2.  Fly ash bricks:

They are manufactured in a hydraulic pressing machine, followed by water curing. The ingredients used are fly ash, cement, grit, and sand.

3.  Concrete blocks:

 These blocks are manufactured by hydraulic as well as manual machines. They are pressed in a mold of different shapes and sizes.

 Mainly they are classified as,
 a)   Solid concrete blocks and
 b)  Hollow concrete blocks.
Raw materials used are cement, sand, grit, and aggregates.

4.  Compressed mud blocks:

 Raw materials used are soil, cement, lime, and gypsum. Here the soil should have certain criteria, which are used in making these types of blocks. They are compressed in machinery either manually or mechanically and then cured to gain strength. The shades of these blocks changes as per the soil type and its color.

5.  C.L.C. blocks:

 The full form is cellular lightweight concrete blocks. Raw materials used are cement, foam, fly ash, or sand. As the name suggests, light wt. is achieved by using foams in the ingredient. They come in different densities with varied shapes and sizes.

6.  A.A.C. blocks:

Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks are also lightweight blocks, similar to c.l.c. blocks. But the manufacturing process differs in both these types of blocks. These types of blocks are cured in autoclave chambers for a short period of time. Raw materials used are cement, aluminum powder, gypsum, fly ash, or sand.

7. Sand-lime bricks: 

They are also known as calcium silicate bricks. Raw materials used are sand lime and gypsum.

8. Refractory bricks:

 These types of bricks are used in foundries, as they can sustain high temperatures and reduce heat loss. Aluminum silicate is the key ingredient, which contributes these properties to the brick.

If you feel like seeing images of all types of bricks/blocks with an explanation, you can watch the video given below.


1 comment:

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