All about civil construction knowledge- PARAM VISIONS

Classification of paver blocks. / What are the different types of paver blocks?

 The interlocking paver blocks can be divided into 5 main categories based on

A. The materials used in their production.

B. Thickness & grade.

C. Patterns & use.

D. Shapes & locking. 

E. Manufacturing process.

A.  Raw materials used:

1. Plastic paver blocks:

These types of paver blocks are made of recycled waste plastics. They are environment-friendly, as they help in reducing unwanted plastic waste.

2. Concrete paver blocks:

The most common type of paver blocks, widely used all over the world. Concrete paver blocks are tough, strong, durable, and they can sustain all types of climatic conditions.

3. Clay paver blocks:

After molding the clay material with pigments & other ingredients, they are vitrified in a kiln at high temperatures. These types of paver blocks find limited usage & are used to bring a traditional look to the paved area.

4. Stone paver blocks:

Natural stones are carved & cut to manufacture these types of paver blocks.

5. Rubber paver blocks:

Recycled rubber is used to manufacture such types of paver blocks. Pigments of different colors are added to improve their appearance. 

B. Thickness & grade:

The paver blocks are manufactured in different mix grades & thicknesses to satisfy the traffic conditions & load over them. They are classified as 

1. Heavy-duty paver blocks:

Mix grade 👉 M50, M55.

Thickness  👉   90mm to 120mm.

Used in heavy traffic & load conditions.

2. Medium duty paver blocks:

Mix grade 👉 M40,  M45.

Thickness  👉  70mm to 85mm.

Used in medium traffic & load conditions.

3. Light duty paver blocks:

Mix grade 👉 M30, M35.

Thickness  👉  50mm to 65mm.

Used in light traffic & load conditions.

C. Patterns & use:

1. Regular paver blocks:

These types of paver blocks are interlocked or packed with each other having no gaps at the joints. They are installed in all types of parking areas, footpaths, basements, etc. where vehicular or human traffic is much more.

2. Permeable paver blocks:

As the name suggests, they allow water to drain in between them. Permeable paver blocks are used in gardens, pathways, backyards, etc. where there is no vehicular traffic. Vegetation or grass is grown in between the paver blocks as shown in the above image.

D. Shapes & locking:

1. Type A:

These types of paver blocks have plain edges on all the faces. They do not interlock with each other.

2. Type B:

They have alternate plain faces & curved edges. Type B paver blocks can be paved in a defined pattern.

3. Type C:

All faces have curved edges to interlock with each other on all sides. Type-C paver blocks can be paved in any pattern.

E. Manufacturing process:

1. Rubber molded paver blocks:

The molds used in manufacturing them are made of rubber, plastics, or silicone material. After filling the molds with the concrete, the compaction is done by using vibratory tables. The manufactured product has smooth edges having a glossy finished surface. 

2. Machine pressed paver blocks:

The pavers are manufactured by pressing them under a hydraulic machine to gain the required compaction. Usually, the molds are made of MS or steel materials. Here, the pavers of various designs & patterns can be manufactured in bulk quantity.

Thank you for going through this article. Have a good day😄.


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